block caving copper mining

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Ridgeway Gold and Copper Mine New South Wales

06 10 2021  Ridgeway Deeps mining The transformation of Ridgeway Underground a sub level caving operation into a block cave involved a mine design and a process to ensure the rock naturally caves progressively upwards by a gravitational force of the undercutting and removal of broken ore at the base of the block

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Caving Mining Method Classification and Characteristics

03 08 2020  Characteristics 1 Caving mining method no longer divides the ore block into ore rooms and pillars but takes the whole ore block as a stoping unit and carries out continuous single step stoping according to a certain sequence 2 In the stoping process the surrounding rocks are naturally or forcibly caved and the ore is drawn in direct

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Geomechanical evaluation of macro block caving options

planned mining projects in the world to use the block caving method with macro blocks options to mine copper ore VCP Codelco Vice President Office of the National Copper Corporation of Chile is currently completing a prefeasibility engineering study of

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Underground Development

Average copper grades of 1.66 per cent are expected over the mine life The depth and fragmented nature of the ore bodies make them well suited both geotechnically and economically to the block caving method of mining which involves digging below the orebody and collecting falling ore Rio Tinto is a global leader in block caving.

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Production at Lift 530 m of Tongkuangyu Copper Mine

Tongkuangyu Copper Mine is currently the only mine in China employing block caving It comprises two large orebodies known as the No 4 orebody and the No 5 orebody They are approximately 50° in dip angle 80 to 240 m in width and 800–1000 m in strike length The two orebodies are separated by a distance of 110–130 m.

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New Gold Inc

New Afton Block Caving Video The mine is designed to process 11 000 tpd 4 Mtpa of ore at full capacity recovering copper gold Copper occurs primarily as chalcopyrite and lesser bornite with secondary chalcocite and native copper occurring in the upper nearer surface parts of the deposit.

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1.1 PHASES OF A MINING PROJECT

method called stoping or block caving sections or blocks of rock are removed in vertical strips gold or sulfuric acid copper If a mining project involves the extraction of a few hundred million metric tons of mineral ore then the mine project will generate a similar quantity of tailings.

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10 Different Types of Mining Operations and Mines

12 01 2021  The term block caving likely started in mines with porphyry copper in them where it was mined by being divided into rectangular blocks which were then mined in a checkerboard pattern All of the ore in a block was removed before any adjacent blocks

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Empirical investigation and characterization of surface

01 07 2013  The use of block caving was first reported in 1895 in the Michigan iron and copper mines where large blocks of ore were undercut allowing the ore to mine itself under gravity and crush through comminution to a size suitable for handling .

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Block caving copper mining methods and costs at the Miami

Block caving copper mining methods and costs at the Miami Mine Miami Copper Company Gila County Arizona I.C 8271 1965 103 p.

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Block caving with Rio and NCM

cave mining and block cave mining is the way of the future for many of Rio s large scale copper deposits Total return Block caving will only get more important Rio is likely to have expanded block cave operations at Northparkes and new block caves at Oyu Tolgoi Kennecott KUC Resolution and La Granja The North Rim Skarn at KUC

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Sublevel cave mining unearthing new opportunities

24 03 2021  Sublevel caving unearthing new opportunities The known resource base for base metals is increasingly comprised of large scale low grade deposits situated at increasing depths where underground cave 1 mining methods are the only viable means of economic extraction. In the spectrum of underground mining methods caving methods are the lowest cost and most productive.

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Application and research of block caving in Pulang copper mine

The application of block caving in mines shows significant advantages in large scale low cost and high efficiency thus block caving is worth promoting in the mines that meets the requirement of natural caving Due to large scale of production and low ore grade in Pulang copper mine in China comprehensive analysis and research were conducted on rock mechanics mining sequence

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Block Caving mining

Michigan had some caving iron mines in early 1900s Jeffrey mine did asbestos Questa did moly Ray mine did copper too a long time ago The number could easily be closer to 100 It s not that new it just isn t done very frequently For those in the field Resolution was planning panel caving a variety of block caving.

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Palabora Lift 1 block cave understanding the grade behaviour

PCBC Personal Computer Block Cave is a software package used by virtually every mining company involved in caving for mine planning and scheduling Model grades These are based on PCBC analysis using a geological block model as input and to which various material mixing algorithms are applied.

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Block Caving at the Proposed Pebble Mine

This fact sheet describes the block caving method of underground mining and the potential environmental implications BACKGROUND The Pebble Mine a proposed project in remote Southwest Alaska would be one of the largest copper gold molybdenum mines in the world The Pebble deposit is divided into two sections.

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Production Potential of Nchanga Underground Mines

caving block In some cases production requirements caused opening up of several faces along dip as well thus creating more zones of high stress at the caving block boundaries 2 High mining induced stress is a major problem has led to collapse of certain blocks resulting in temporary and

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Underground Mining Methods and Equipment

1.6 Longwall Mining 1.7 Sublevel Caving 1.8 Block Caving 2 Underground Mining Machinery Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketches Summary The first section gives an overview of underg round mining methods and practices as used commonly in underground mines including classification of underground mining

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Investigation and characterization of ..

The use of block caving to mine deep massive low grade ore bodies is gaining increasing attention from the mining industry given its merits in terms of safety tonnage produced and costs that can match those of open pit operations However the undercutting and bulk extraction of ore through cavin

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Chuquicamata Copper Mine Northern region of Chile

Mining and ore processing at Chuquicamata copper mine The Chuquicamata copper mine currently employs conventional open pit mining method with the help of trucks and shovels The underground mine proposes to use block caving method of mining through a 1 000m deep shaft Ore will be extracted by macro blocks and block caving in four production

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v116n8a7 Fracture banding in caving mines

in modern block caving mines Analysis of microseismicity was conducted at two large copper gold porphyry block cave operations The results of the analysis indicated that the mechanism seen in the physical model may have occurred at both mines This paper discusses the Duplancic model and presents an overview of the results from

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A transition from a large open pit into a novel

01 06 2019  The business case to continue with the mining of the Chuquicamata orebody is to change from the current large open pit to a novel macroblock variant block caving geometry This requires a production rate of 140 000 t/d 50 Mt per annum with a continuous material handling system to achieve the 7 year ramp up to full production.

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Block Cave Underground Mine

for new mines around the world Why Block caving has a high production rate which means high capital costs at the start of the project but relatively low operating costs This is why it is common at large copper porphyry deposits where other than open pitting block caving is the most economical way to mine

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Analytical Model To Determine Of The Optimal Block Size In

Block caving Cavability Block Size Length and Width of the Block the Optimal Block Size in Block Caving Method INTRODUCTION In classification of underground mining methods caving methods are regarded as high production methods These techniques are usually very costly and need great preparation However the high production

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Technology of Block Caving Mining Method in Northparkes

26 02 2011  The Northparkes Mines is well known as a pioneer of block caving mining in Australia and has ever produced copper gold ore by using block caving from 1995 The E48 mine is the fourth block caving project in the mines and its development was started in 2006 following the block cave production in the E26 mine.

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BLOCK CAVING MINE METHOD

05 08 2012  Kadar homogen block caving tidak selektif Ideal untuk cebakan porphyry copper mempunyai bijih dan caving lemah tembagapura papua Keuntungan penerapan metode ini antaralain Biaya penambangan rendah Output tinggi 10.000 100.000 ton/hari Mekanisasi tenaga buruh sedikit Timber sedikit mengurangi bahaya kebakaran.

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A guide for managing the resource model of the copper

2.2 Block caving principles 24 2.3 Conceptual and numerical modelling with empirical predictions 29 2.4 Material flow and the modelling thereof 33 2.5 The impact of poor fragmentation on cave management 36 2.6 Early physical model studies and computer software 38 2.7 Palabora Mine a unique block cave mine

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Grasberg Block Cave Underground Mine

The mine is estimated to contain 17.2 billion pounds of copper and 14.1Moz of gold in recoverable reserves Mining and ore processing for the Grasberg Block Cave mine Underground block caving method involving undercut and drawbell blasting is employed for ore extraction at the Grasberg Block Cave mine.

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Mine Tales San Manuel was once world s largest

Mining operations during the 44 year life of the mine included underground block caving methods that extracted more than 700 million tons of sulfide ore that was processed at the mill smelter and

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Definition of block caving

The term block caving probably originated in the porphyry copper mines where the area to be mined was divided into rectangular blocks that were mined in a checkerboard sequence with all the ore in a block being removed before an adjacent block was mined This sequence of mining is

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mining and mines Block Caving

Block caving is an inexpensive bulk mining method where the ore is drawn by gravity and which is suitable for ore bodies which are low grade and are consistent in their grades Depending on how the ore is broken there are three block caving systems 1

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Underground Mining Methods and Equipment

1.6 Longwall Mining 1.7 Sublevel Caving 1.8 Block Caving 2 Underground Mining Machinery Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketches Summary The first section gives an overview of underg round mining methods and practices as used commonly in underground mines including classification of underground mining

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8.4.2a Block Caving

8.4.2a Block Caving This method which was developed in the U.S after WW I is well suited for mining in weak orebodies Panels or blocks of ore are undercut Once undercut the weak orebody begins to cave under its own weight The caved ore is drawn off through draw points.

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PM

25 11 1999  What I d say is that block caving is a proven reliable method of underground mining and the mine itself would know how the cave was performing so but you know rock caves are rock caving

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PT FI makes headway at Grasberg Block Cave

01 07 2019  In 2023 PT FI expects to produce an average of 130 000 t/d of ore from five production blocks spanning 335 000 sq.m in the large scale Grasberg Block Cave underground mine At average reserve grades of 0.96 Cu and 0.72 g/t Au this is expected to equate to production of 850 MIb of copper

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Chuquicamata Underground Mine

open pit copper mine the world s largest Block caving underground method 140 000 tpd ore production 97 emissions reduction Challenges The Chuquicamata underground mine will allow Codelco to exploit the remaining resources located below the current ore deposit until 2058.

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